The Hertzsprung–Russell diagram

Question P9.2.3

The Hertzsprung–Russell diagram classifies stars on a scatter plot: each star is represented as a point with an $x$-coordinate of effective temperature and a $y$-coordinate of luminosity, a measure of the star's radiated electromagnetic power. The compressed file hygdata_v3-abridged.csv.gz represents a version of the HYG-database, released under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike license} which provides data on 119614 stars.

Read in these data with pandas and plot a Hertzsprung--Russell diagram. The luminosity column is identified as 'lum' in the header and the star temperature can be calculated from its color index (also referred to as $(B-V)$ and identified as the column labeled 'ci') using the Ballesteros formula: $$ T\;/\mathrm{K} = 4600\left( \frac{1}{0.92(B-V)+1.7} + \frac{1}{0.92(B-V)+0.62} \right). $$ Note that the luminosity is best visualized on a logarithmic scale and the temperature axis is usually plotted in reverse (decreasing temperature towards the right-hand side of the diagram).


To access solutions, please obtain an access code from Cambridge University Press at the Lecturer Resources page for my book (registration required) and then sign up to providing this code.